Bengal at a Glance > Facts & Figures

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West Bengal Fact File
Country India
Capital Kolkata
Established 1 November, 1956
Largest Metro Kolkata
Location Latitude
27°13'15"N to 21°25'24"N

85°48'20"E to 89°53'04"E
Neighbouring Countries Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan
Area Total 88,752Km2
(34,267 sq mi)
Area Rank 14th
Literate (Total) 6,15,38,281
Male 3,38,18,810
Female 2,77,19,471
Literacy Rate 77.08%
Male 82.67%
Female 71.16%
  • Mountains
  • Plateaus
  • Hills
  • Plain
  • Sandy Coastal
Highest peak : Sandakfu (3,636 m or 11,929ft)
Notified area : Coopers's Camp and Taherpur
Forest : 11,879 SQ. KM. (13.38%)

Forest Trees -
Sundari, Pussur, Rhododendron, Camelia, Magnolia,Goran, Gewa, Keora, Kusum, Hetal, Hogla, Bamboo,Sal, Teak, Mahogany, Shirish, Arjun,Mulberry, Tall grass, Shimul, Palash, Mahua, Jarul, Gamar, Garian, Chaplash, Toon, Pine
Male 46,809,027
Female 44,467,088
Sex Ratio 947
Rank 4th
Urban % 31.87
Rural % 68.13
Density 1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Growth 13.84%
Highest Density Kolkata (24,306)
% of total 1,01,12,599
Boys 51,87,264
Girls 49,25,335
Sex Ratio 950
The Himalayas in the North

Bay of Bengal in the South

Broad regions are the Himalayan Region, Teral Region, Rarh Region, Western Plateau and Highlands

Ganges Delta in the South having Sundarban Mangrove Forest

Coastal Area

1) Dry Summer 2) Monsoon 3) Autumn 4) Winter

Average normal rainfall is 1830 mm,for the State, 2486 mm in Sub-Himalayan West Bengal and 1502 mm in Gangetic Region
Boro, Jute, Maize, Wheat, Potato, Mustard, Rice, Jute, Pulses, Sugarcane, Oil-seeds, Cardamom, Ginger, Cinchona, Joar, Maskalai, Gram, Musur, Khesari, Sugarcane,Til, Mung,Ground, Nut, Vegetables and Tea
Last updated on: Wednesday, 1st May 2019
Information Source: Department of Information & Cultural Affairs(I&CA), Government of West Bengal
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